A short film released in early in 1967. It features a visit to Jerusalem of King Hussein of Jordan. This indicates that the film was taken BEFORE June 1967 when Jerusalem came into Jewish hands.
The film presents Jerusalem as an enigmatic city, venerated by three “faiths”, propounding peace, but riven by war. Some 3,000 years ago King Solomon built a great temple. After the Babylonian invasion, the Temple was rebuilt and expanded by King Herod, and was the scene of many confrontations between Jesus Christ and the Jewish rulers. The religious divisiveness, obvious in 1967, is still apparent. From the time Jordan took control in 1948 (when the new nation of Israel was announced), they did not permit any Jew to visit the city. Jordan bulldozed the Jewish quarter with all its ancient buildings. When Israel took the city in the Six Day War, many visited the Western Wall for the first time. The Jerusalem Quarter had to be rebuilt. Today, all people are welcome to visit the city and see the Temple site.
Notice the Church of All Nations on the lower slopes of the Mt of Olives, east of the city. See how few buildings there are in 1967! This is an indication of how sparsely populated the land was.
The last comment, “turning swords into ploughshares” will ONLY be fulfilled when Jesus Christ takes the throne and the power. the year that the prophecy of Jesus Christ was fulfilled: “Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles UNTIL the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled” (Luke 21:24).
Various shots of the Model City of Jerusalem the Golden, reconstructed town of King Solomon with children looking at it. Man points at various buildings and children look on. Various street scenes in Jerusalem showing Jewish part of town, street market, busy narrow streets with people walking around. LS. Jerusalem. Several shots of the people inside a Synagogue. Several shots of a Christian monk inside a church, camera pans up to show a dome and around the church including Christian symbols. Various shots of the streets divided by barbed wire with children seen walking around on both sides. Shots of the museum where Dead Sea Scrolls are kept. Panning shot along city wall, more shots of the town. LS. A mosque. Arab dignitaries and Moslem priests leaving the mosque. Crowd of Arabs gathered outside mosque, cheering and applauding as the leaders walk past. Several close up shots of the Wailing Wall. Various shots of the street market (bazaar) in the Arabic part of the town showing crowded streets, etc. Shots of the Way of the Cross. CU. Street sign ‘Via Dolorosa’. LS. Narrow street with arches and numerous steps, more shots of the Way of the Cross showing roads, trees, etc. Several shots of the Garden of Gethsemane where Jesus was betrayed by Judas showing old olive trees and stone buildings. King Hussein of Jordan walks with Moslem priests and Arabic officers in uniform, he talks to priest. Several shots of the Israel frontier with barbed wire, signs in English and Hebrew and Israeli flag flying. UN jeep drives through. CU. Sign ‘Police Station’. Two women walking towards the crossing point. LS. Border crossing. Several shots of the children playing football on rocky field.
This item was made as Pathe Colour Pictorial CP 651 but was replaced by another travelogue ‘Istanbul’. The item was filmed in May 1967 (old paperwork states that it was completed on 30th of May 1967) only days before start of the Israel’s six-day war against Arabs – the war started on 5th of June. Item’s commentary talks about conflict and quite favourably of King Hussein of Jordan.
Though the definite origins of the word “Palestine” have been debated for years and are still not known for sure, the name is believed to be derived from the Egyptian and Hebrew word peleshet. Roughly translated to mean “rolling” or “migratory,” the term was used to describe the inhabitants of the land to the northeast ofEgypt – the Philistines. The Philistines were an Aegean people – more closely related to the Greeks and with no connection ethnically, linguisticly or historically with Arabia – who conquered in the 12th Century BCE the Mediterranean coastal plain that is now Israel and Gaza.
A derivitave of the name “Palestine” first appears in Greek literature in the 5th Century BCE when the historian Herodotus called the area “Palaistinē” (Greek – Παλαιστίνη). In the 2nd century CE, the Romanscrushed the revolt of Shimon Bar Kokhba (132 CE), during which Jerusalem and Judea were regained and the area of Judea was renamed Palaestina in an attempt to minimize Jewish identification with the land of Israel.
Under the Ottoman Empire (1517-1917), the term Palestine was used as a general term to describe the land south of Syria; it was not an official designation. In fact, many Ottomans and Arabs who lived in Palestine during this time period referred to the area as “Southern Syria” and not as “Palestine.”
Leading up to Israel’s independence in 1948, it was common for the international press to label Jews, not Arabs, living in the mandate as Palestinians. It was not until years after Israeli independence that the Arabs living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip were called Palestinians. In fact, Arabs cannot even correctly pronounce the word Palestine in their native tongue, referring to area rather as“Filastin.”
Deuteronomy 28:37: And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations whither the LORD shall lead thee.
In AD 135, the Emperor Hadrian blotted out the name “Provincia Judea” and renamed it “Provincia Syria Palaestina”. This was the Latin version of the Greek name and soon became a name to be used as an administrative unit. This name was shortened to Palaestina and the name “Palestine” was derived from it as a modern and anglicized version. No changes occurred to this name until after the fourth century had passed when Palestine was divided in to three regions, following the imperial reorganization. The name Palestine was used by the Christian Crusades to regard all three of the divided regions in general and continued to be used for the regions on both sides of the Jordan River in general. Palestine went under the rule of the Ottoman Turks for 400 years where its administration was attached to Damascus. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, the name Palestine was revived and was applied to the land falling under the British Mandate for Palestine. Arabs use the name “Falastin” for Palestine which is an Arab pronunciation of the Roman word “Palaestina.”
Deut 30:5 And the LORD thy God will bring thee into the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou shalt possess it; and he will do thee good, and multiply thee above thy fathers.
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