AD 70 Roman Destruction of The Temple

” Jesus went out, and departed from the temple and his disciples came to him to show him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down”. (Mt.24:1-2)

In 70 AD , the Roman Empire led by the future Emperor Titus besieged and conquered the city of Jerusalem, and completely destroyed the Temple! This happened 40 yrs after the death and resurrection of our Lord.
This was prophesied by Moses
  • “I (YHWH) will scatter you among the nations, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste” (Lev.26:33).
The Roman Empire began this campaign in 70 AD when they met resistance by Jewish Zealots who started a rebellion in 66 AD against the Roman occupation and rulership in the land at that time led by the evil Emperor Nero. It is said that about 30,000 Roman soldiers besieged Jerusalem under the command of Titus and began a systematic slaughter of the jews.
History describes many horrible things the Romans did to the jewish people and has likened the violence done to them as the events in the First Destruction of the Temple by Babylon (586BC) and the attempted genocide by Hitler in WWII (1940 AD).
Jesus knew this would happen…
  • “And when he (Jesus) was come near, he beheld The City (Jerusalem), and wept over it, Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; BECAUSE THOU KNEW NOT THE TIME OF THY VISITATION . (Luke 19:41-44)
Josephus the Jewish historian who lived during this period, recorded that 1.1 million people were killed , majority jewish, and about 97,000 jews were captured and enslaved.
The city was ransacked and The Temple (the “2nd Temple”) was stripped and completely destroyed!!
It is recorded to be ultimately destroyed by Fire! (a common symbol in the bible for Judgement)
  • “For YHWH thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God. When thou shalt beget children, and children’s children, and ye shall have remained long in the land, and shall corrupt yourselves, and make a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, and SHALL DO EVIL in the sight of YHWH thy God, to provoke him to anger: I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off The Land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed. And YHWH shall scatter you among the nations, and ye shall be left few in number among the heathen, whither YHWH shall lead you” (Dt.4:27).
This catastrophic event would change the lives of the jewish people.
Without a Temple or a nation, how could they observe the Law of Moses?
Most of the Torah is dependant on The Temple and The Priesthood.
For Moses was not only given the ten commandments on Mt. Sinai, he was given…
  • The Law – to administer the nation of Israe
  • Pattern of the Tabernacle – to worship/sacrifice before the Temple
  • Order of the Priesthood – to serve as administers of the law, teachers and judges, to sanctify the people
  • The Army of Israel – military to conquer the land and protect the people (see Book of Numbers)
  • The King – YHWH was there King (1 Sam.8:7)
  • The Land – is all they needed which would be accomplished by Joshua (a type of Christ)
They were to organize into a nation, “a Kingdom of Priests and a Holy Nation” (Ex.19:4-6).
And this DID happen, even though it was NOT perfect…

This was The Kingdom of God!

King Solomon completed YHWH’s Temple for the “House for YHWH” and
  • “FOR HIS KINGDOM” (2 Chron.2:12).
However, later, after King Solomon, at the Babylonian captivity in 586 BC, the Prophet Ezekiel prophesied to the LAST king of Judah, Zedekiah,…
  • “Thus saith the Adonai Yahweh; Remove the diadem מִצְנֶפֶת (“turban of high priest”), and take off the crown עֲטָרָה (kingship): this shall not be the same…” (Ez.21:26)
  • “I will overturn (Persia), overturn (Greece), overturn (Rome), it: and it shall be no more, until he (the Christ) come whose right it is; and I will give it him. (Ez.21:27)
After 70 years of captivity, many Jews were allowed to come back to the land and rebuild the Temple but it was never the same as the First. And even though they were in captivity much of the time, from the Persians, to the Greeks, to the Romans, the Jews were allowed to worship and observe a commonwealth of their own.
But in 70 AD when Rome came to destroy the Temple, they left nothing and scattered the Jews across the whole world, ending the Jewish Commonwealth – they were no longer a nation.
Jesus told the people:
  • “The kingdom of God shall be taken from you…” (Matt.21:43)
So after this, in 70 AD, the Jews being scattered, began many Post-biblical writings such as The Talmud which is a central guide to Rabbinic Judaism for a people living in a Post-Temple era where they would have NO tabernacle or temple, NO priesthood, NO army and NO land!!!
The oldest Full manuscript of Talmud is said to be the Munich Talmud from 1342 AD. In standard print it is 6,200 pages long and is the basis for all codes of Jewish Law and widely quoted in Rabbinic literature. The Talmud is considered by most Rabbis to be as equally important as the Torah!
It’s also important to know that , after the Bablylonian captivity the Jewish people (586 AD) the jews began to speak Aramaic instead of Hebrew. And after (70 AD) when the jewish people were scattered by Rome all across the whole earth, the Jewish people LOST their language COMPLETELY! They spoke variations of “Yiddish” , a corrupted mix with the nations they dwelled with.
Amazingly the Hebrew language has now come back! but after almost 2000 yrs of a language lost, it is NOT exactly the same as Biblical Hebrew. So a bible student would want to look into the Ancient Biblical Hebrew words and see how the word was used instead of the Modern Hebrew, to understand the truest meaning of a bible passage.
The Prophet Zephaniah says in The Kingdom Age..
  • ” then will I (YHWH) turn to the people a PURE LANGUAGE, that they may all call upon the name of Yahweh , to serve him with ONE consent” (Zeph.3:9).
I’m pretty sure in The Kingdom Age that language will be the Ancient Biblical Hebrew.
After the resurrection of Jesus, when he appeared to the apostles, they asked him:
  • “wilt thou at this time RESTORE again the Kingdom to Israel?” (Acts 1:6)
This is because they knew the Word of the prophets:
  • “YHWH thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will RETURN AND GATHER THEE FROM ALL THE NATIONS where YHWH thy God hath scattered thee. If any of thine be driven out unto the outmost parts of heaven, from thence will YHWH thy God gather thee, and from thence will He fetch thee” (DT.30:3-4)
  • “And it shall come to pass in that day, that YHWH shall set his hand again the SECOND TIME (the first time is after Babylon) to recover the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea (European countries). And He shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and GATHER THE DISPERSED OF JUDAH from the four corners of the earth. The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off (northern and southern Israel alliance).: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim” (Isa.11:11-13).
This process began with the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948 and continues Today!
  • “In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old:” (Amos 9:11).
When the Kingdom of YHWH is established again, Israel will be given ALL the land that was promised to Abraham (Gen.15:18).
There will be a new Priesthood (Ez.40:46, Heb.7:11, Rev.1:6,5:10).
There will be a new Temple (Ez.40-47).
The 12 tribes will be allotted land (Ez.48).
Judges will be restored (Isa.1:25-26).
Israel will have First dominion in the earth (Mic.4:8).
The promises to David will be accomplished (2 Sam.7:9-16, Isa.16:5), that is THE KING, the Lord Jesus The Annointed.
people will hold the skirt of a Jew and want to worship YHWH (Zech.8:23).

“The Law shall go forth of Zion, and The Word of YHWH from Jerusalem” (Isa.2:3, Mic.4:2).

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