A meeting in Cuba on 12 February will be first between religious leaders since two churches split almost 1,000 years ago
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THE TWO LITTLE HORNS
Daniel chapters 7 and 8
IT IS EASY to confuse the little horn of chapter 7 with that of chapter 8.
They are both Roman, yet different. The one in chapter 8 came first.The little horn of the goat of this chapter represents the Roman power as a whole, which grew out of the northern Greek horn in the sense we have described. It began to show itself as a power in the third century before Christ and eventually took the place of all four Greek horns. It accomplished its mission in regard to the Prince of the host and Yahweh’s land whilst under its Pagan constitution.
The teaching of Christ however invaded its higher as well as its lower circles until in the years A.D.312-324 this Pagan constitution was superseded by ” christianity.” Constantine was the man who finally set up a “christian” government in the years mentioned. He moved the imperial seat from Rome to Constantinople and thus the little horn of the goat became enthroned in that city.
For 500 years the Roman empire continued with two capitals, the other being Rome; but Constantinople was the seat of the emperor. The little horn which appeared on the head of Daniel’s fourth beast was an ecclesiastical power. It did not appear till A.D.800 although it had been developing since 533. The dispute as to which bishopric should be the chief was the beginning of the uprise of the little horn.
Justinian, the emperor in Constantinople from 527 to 565 made it clear that in his mind the bishop of Rome should be the head of the church. But it was left to emperor Phocas in 608/610 to declare finally for the Roman bishop.
The career of the Popes then began. By the year 799 the Papacy had grown so powerful as to take upon itself the right to crown and depose kings. The emperor of the West, Charlemagne, was crowned in 800 by the Pope, and the “Holy Roman Empire” came into being. Constantinople had, by this time, decreased in power and the empire of the west with its dual rulership of Pope and Emperor took the stage.
This arrangement (in the west) lasted upwards of 1,000 years until in the middle of the 19th century it could be said to have ended, whilst in 1870 the Pope lost his temporal power. Meanwhile, in 1453, Constantinople fell to the Turks, who thus took over the seat and power of the little horn of the east.
The little horn of the goat was, therefore, essentially eastern and imperial, with its capital at Constantinople, whilst the little horn of the fourth beast was essentially western and ecclesiastical, with Rome for its capital. In the book of Revelation the parallel symbols are the dragon (chap. 12) and the beast of the sea (chap. 13) answering to the little horn of the goat; and the two-horned beast of the earth (chap. 13) answering to the little horn of Daniel’s fourth beast.Daniel chapter 11
THE KINGS OF THE NORTH AND SOUTH – Daniel chapter 11
REVERTING to the four divisions of the Greek empire, it is seen from chapter eleven that only two of these sections were important; these two are called the kings of the north and the south. Their importance lay in their doings relative to the Holy Land. The territory of the northern kingdom comprised much of Asia Minor and extended to the Indus. The southern kingdom included Libya, Egypt and Palestine. Wars and ntrigues as foretold in chapter eleven took place between the two powers, with the natural consequence that Palestine, being situated between the two suffered from both sides. It was a situation similar to that which had pertained in the days of the Kings when Israel and Judah often felt the force of her powerful neighbours Assyria and Egypt.
The inhabitants of the Holy Land suffered severely in the times of :he Greek kingdoms, especially under Antiochus Epiphanes, the king of the north, who made the Jews worship the gods of Greece. Relief came when Judas Maccabeus arose and with the “little help” from heaven ‘v. 32-35) the Jewish community were able somewhat to restore the ancient kingdom of Judah (B.C.163). The picture thus presented of the situation in the past (under the Greeks) is made a type of that which will obtain at the coming of Christ. He will come to deliver the people of Israel who, at that time, will be in desperate straits. This situation is even now being prepared by the Jews returning to their land and restoring it as they did after the Babylonian captivity. It is clear also that the kings of the north and south are being developed concurrently and Palestine will once again be the cockpit of these antagonistic powers.
It is clear from a comparison of Daniel 11, Ezekiel 38 and other prophecies that the northern power will be of Russian origin whilst the southern will be British. These two powers will occupy the same territories is did the ancient Kings of the North and South. Ezekiel 38 gives the northern power under the names of “Rosh, Meshech and Tubal” (R.V.) by which Russia is indicated; the southern power is described as “the .merchants of Tarshish with all the young lions thereof”-Britain and the Commonwealth. Zechariah also depicts the coming situation under the symbol of “two mountains of brass.” Mountains stand for powers and the “brass” shows a connection with the ancient Greek empire and its kingdoms of north and south. Zechariah further shows that from between these two great mountains, namely from Palestine which occupies that central position, the “four chariots” of Yahweh go forth to subdue the turbulent nations.
The chariots are a symbol of the saints who, with Christ at their head, enter upon the world scene for the salvation of Yahweh’s people and land.
IT WILL BE PERCEIVED that the two little horn powers exist in some way when the Christ-body is manifested. For in regard to the fourth beast’s little horn it is written that he prevailed until the Ancient of days came and judgment was given to the saints of the Most High; whilst in regard to the goat’s little horn it appears that his standing up against the Prince of princes and subsequent breaking “without (human) hand” must refer to a future catastrophe at the hands of Christ.We need, therefore, to ascertain how the ancient little horns will be represented in the latter days.
It is essential to remember the respective spheres of control of these two horns in past times. The fourth beast’s little horn was ecclesiastical and western, whilst the .more ancient little horn of the goat was imperial and eastern. For many hundreds of years following the reign of Constantine the eastern was the more powerful, but in later times the western waxed stronger. It appears that this sequence must be repeated in the latter days but in a much shorter period of time.
It appears that this sequence must be repeated in the latter days but in a much shorter period of time.The Roman empire will be revived and will pass through the two stages as it did before. In the first phase the Russian Gog is evidently the chief. ‘He will take Constantinople and enthrone himself there as the Imperial ruler. He will honour the false prophet of Rome who, in turn, will acknowledge the supremacy of Gog. The image in its complete latter-day manifestation will be based
The image in its complete latter-day manifestation will be based upon the revived two legs of the Roman empire. It will be seen that as well as being “little horn of the Goat” in Constantinople, Gog will also be the latter-day representative of the northern horn of the Greek empire’ out of which the little horn originally came. He is thus the eastern leg of the image, the little horn of the goat and the king of the north. At this stage there will also be the western leg, otherwise called the little horn of the fourth beast. In the south there will be Britain and associated powers who will defend Palestine and fill the role of ” king of the south.”
The Russian Gog, whose territory will be vast and having support also from Persia, Ethiopia and Libya, will then seek to enlarge his border still further by annexing Syria, Palestine and Egypt.
He will be opposed by the southern confederacy, but will meet defeat on the mountains of Israel after taking Egypt. Defeat will come, not by Britain, but by the new power, the chariots of Yahweh, newly developed in the recesses of Teman. By this means the image-power is deprived of its Russian headship; the eastern Constantinopolitan leg loses its supremacy, and future events switch to the west where the little horn of the fourth beast, the harlot upon the waters and the ten kings of the earth associate together to make war with the Lamb who will then have enthroned himself on Mount Zion and called upon the world to submit to his rule. Read full article by H.C.Gates here