This video from 1947, just one year before the state of Israel was declared, show a rare glimpse into life before war. The video shows Jew and Arab trading peacefully , much as they do today in Jerusalem – the Holy city.
The return is truly a miracle. Jews themselves had lost all hope. Enduring deprivation, segregation and cruel persecution, they bowed their heads and never complained. It took several turns to pick up the beginning of hopefulness. This began with Napoleon giving the Jews in France equal civil rights and building them a synagogue. When Theodore Herzl (in France to cover the story of Captain Dreyfus’ trial) witnessed the anti-semitic howling of the mob, he knew that if post-Revolution France could react in this way, then no Jew would be safe anywhere. Hence he agitated for a homeland. Britain became involved because of the effect of the Protestant Reformation – the clear Bible teaching that Israel would be repatriated. The work of God was often unseen, and so a Christadelphian nanny got a job in the Balfour household.
This short film predates the nationhood of Israel, and is produced by the British as a news item. Other historic films in this series give an excellent picture of the foundation and development of a nation, for nearly 2,000 years in exile (Ezekiel 37). All this is a necessary preparation to Jerusalem becoming “the city of the great King” (Matt 5:35; Zechariah 14:9).
Though the definite origins of the word “Palestine” have been debated for years and are still not known for sure, the name is believed to be derived from the Egyptian and Hebrew word peleshet. Roughly translated to mean “rolling” or “migratory,” the term was used to describe the inhabitants of the land to the northeast ofEgypt – the Philistines. The Philistines were an Aegean people – more closely related to the Greeks and with no connection ethnically, linguisticly or historically with Arabia – who conquered in the 12th Century BCE the Mediterranean coastal plain that is now Israel and Gaza.
A derivitave of the name “Palestine” first appears in Greek literature in the 5th Century BCE when the historian Herodotus called the area “Palaistinē” (Greek – Παλαιστίνη). In the 2nd century CE, the Romanscrushed the revolt of Shimon Bar Kokhba (132 CE), during which Jerusalem and Judea were regained and the area of Judea was renamed Palaestina in an attempt to minimize Jewish identification with the land of Israel.
Under the Ottoman Empire (1517-1917), the term Palestine was used as a general term to describe the land south of Syria; it was not an official designation. In fact, many Ottomans and Arabs who lived in Palestine during this time period referred to the area as “Southern Syria” and not as “Palestine.”
Leading up to Israel’s independence in 1948, it was common for the international press to label Jews, not Arabs, living in the mandate as Palestinians. It was not until years after Israeli independence that the Arabs living in the West Bank and Gaza Strip were called Palestinians. In fact, Arabs cannot even correctly pronounce the word Palestine in their native tongue, referring to area rather as“Filastin.”
Deuteronomy 28:37: And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations whither the LORD shall lead thee.
In AD 135, the Emperor Hadrian blotted out the name “Provincia Judea” and renamed it “Provincia Syria Palaestina”. This was the Latin version of the Greek name and soon became a name to be used as an administrative unit. This name was shortened to Palaestina and the name “Palestine” was derived from it as a modern and anglicized version. No changes occurred to this name until after the fourth century had passed when Palestine was divided in to three regions, following the imperial reorganization. The name Palestine was used by the Christian Crusades to regard all three of the divided regions in general and continued to be used for the regions on both sides of the Jordan River in general. Palestine went under the rule of the Ottoman Turks for 400 years where its administration was attached to Damascus. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, the name Palestine was revived and was applied to the land falling under the British Mandate for Palestine. Arabs use the name “Falastin” for Palestine which is an Arab pronunciation of the Roman word “Palaestina.”
Deut 30:5 And the LORD thy God will bring thee into the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou shalt possess it; and he will do thee good, and multiply thee above thy fathers.
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