BASIC BIBLE PRINCIPLES:
BASIC BIBLE PRINCIPLES
“God . . . spared not the old world, but saved Noah . . . a preacher of righteousness, bringing in
the flood upon the world of the ungodly” (2 Pet. 2:4,5).
“And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man. They did eat,
they drank, they married wives, they were given in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into
the ark, and the flood came, and destroyed them all” (Lk. 17:26,27).
The Flood—a real historical event
The Bible always speaks of the Flood as a real historical event, which has lessons for succeeding
generations. It was a dramatic Divine judgement on a totally godless, wicked world.
Noah’s contemporary world is described thus:
- the world of the ungodly (2 Pet. 2:5)
- all flesh had corrupted His (God’s) way upon the earth (Gen. 6:12)
- the earth was filled with violence (v. 11)
- the wickedness of man was great in the earth . . . every imagination of the thoughts of
his heart was only evil continually (v. 5; cf. Job 22:15-17)
- society was wholly preoccupied with everyday activities (Mt. 24:37-39; Lk. 17:26,27).
There are references in ancient literature to a flood which destroyed all human life except
one man and his family, the best known being the Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic.
The Flood—totally destroyed Noah’s contemporaries
The Divine judgement destroyed the world of Noah’s day completely.
God promised it:
“behold, I, even I, do bring a flood of waters upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein
is the breath of life, from under heaven; and every thing that is in the earth shall die”
“every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth”
God carried out His word:
“And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast,
and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man: all in whose
nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died” (vv. 21,22).
Peter reminds us of the fact:
“. . . the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished” (2 Pet. 3:6).
The Ark was a very large structure, much bigger than Noah and his family needed for
their own safety. God used it to house the animals and birds that would otherwise have
perished but would be needed to replenish the earth after the Flood had receded.
God’s covenant with Noah and his descendants
God’s covenant with Noah after the Flood guarantees that all flesh will not again be destroyed
by a flood: “I will establish My covenant with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off
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any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the
earth” (Gen. 9:11). The token of this covenant is the rainbow. It may be that the rainbow
had not been seen before the Flood. But whether it had or not, the significant point is that
“the bow shall be in the cloud; and I [God] will look upon it, that I may remember the
everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the
earth” (v. 16).
Noah saved by faith and works
God spared Noah, “a just man and perfect in his generations” who “walked with God”
(6:9). Although a man of outstanding character, whose name is linked with Daniel and Job
as a righteous man (Ezek. 14:14,20), Noah was required to believe God’s warning about the
impending Flood and to prepare an ark to escape from its devastation (Gen. 6:14):
“By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, prepared
an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world, and
became heir of the righteousness which is by faith” (Heb. 11:7).
The Flood—a figure of salvation through faith and baptism
The Ark, built by Noah in faithful response to God’s warning, became the means of salvation
from the Flood. Being in the Ark, shut in by God, was the only way to be saved from
the catastrophe that engulfed that civilisation. Peter uses this event to represent the way
of salvation available today, through belief, baptism and faithful way of life:
“the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing,
wherein few, that is, eight souls were saved by water. The like figure whereunto even
baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the
answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ” (1 Pet.
Just as Noah responded to God, so too men and women are required to believe God’s
Word. The resulting baptism is thus more than a wash; it becomes “the answer of a good
conscience towards God”. Like Noah, believers will continue to live their lives by God’s
The Flood—a warning to us of God’s judgements to come
Jesus likened the state of society at the time of his return to that in Noah’s time (Mt. 24:37-
39; Lk. 17:26,27). That society was violent, godless, and concerned only with day-to-day
Peter warned that people would wilfully ignore the fact that God had destroyed the
world in Noah’s day, despite its witness to a God of judgement, Who intends to “judge
the world in righteousness” by Jesus Christ (2 Pet. 3:5-7; Acts 17:31).
He further warns, “The Lord is not slack concerning His promise, as some men count
slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all
should come to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night . . .”
(2 Pet. 3:9,10).
Those who heed the warning of the Flood will, “according to His promise, look for new
heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness” (v. 13).
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